The Crucifixion of St. Andrew --- this is my color pencil study of the middle fresco by
Mattia Preti. To arrive at this full-color level I began with a sepia line drawing, and slowly
laid on the various colors. The process took a few 3-hour sessions to complete, and , I must
say, some meditation and devotion. This is a key part of drawing for an art student -- most
often not even mentioned in today's politically correct classrooms and textbooks of drawing.
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The Crucifixion of the Apostle Saint Andrew
The largest and, to me,
most striking paintings
of Sant'Andrea Church
are Mattia Preti's grand
frescoes of Andrew's
death on the X-Cross.
On the left is my pencil
drawing of the elevation
of the cross. The shape
of the X helped me to  
figure out the
composition -- and to
literally hang all the
figures in the fresco,
starting with that of
Andrew, from the X.
Even the empty sky and
the building columns!
Toroazul Painting and Fine Arts
A visit to the church of Sant'Andrea della Valle in Rome with friend and colleague from the
University of Miami, Architect Frank Martinez, awakened in me the desire to look more closely
and then DRAW some of the magnificent fresco paintings that decorate this church of the
Theatine Order.  The church that one sees now was built in the 1500s and 1600s on land owned
by the noble Piccolomini family -- two Popes buried in this chapel, Pius II and Pius III, were of
this family.  Older sources tell us that a small chapel in honor of St. Sebastian stood there
through the Middle Ages, connected to the fact that the body of Sebastian, riddled by arrow
wounds inflicted on the young soldier by fellow  "praetorian guards" of Emperor Diocletian
(around 300 A.D.) , floated up to this spot through the murky pipes of the Great Sewer of Rome,
or Cloaca Massima,
I began my study of the church by doing the above series of pen & ink  drawings  of the
crucifixion of St. Andrew -- located behind the great altar of the church, on the curved "apse"
wall.   Saint Andrew was the brother of Saint Peter, and he was a fisherman like Peter. When
he was crucified  for preaching the Christian Gospel, he asked to be martyred on an X-shaped
CROSS. This happened in Patras, Greece in 64 A.D., more or less.
The Descent from the Cross of
St. Andrew ---  sepia freehand
drawing  after Mattia Preti's
original frescoes in the Church
of Sant'Andrea della Valle in
Rome.
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